Cataracts can be defined as an optical defect that involves a clouding ofteh natural lens of the eye, i.e. the area behind the pupil and the iris. A majority of those who lose their vision and are over 40 years of age are cataracts patients. In fact, Prevent Blindness America (PBA) reports that this eye condition is more prevalent than numerous other eye problems combined together (e.g. macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma).
Causes of Early Cataracts
Even though early cataract is not so common, it is definitely a problem that cannot be ignored. The main causes of early onset of the eye disorder include severe trauma to the eye(s), diabetes, use of medication containing steroids or hereditary. There may be an absence of any clear cause in some cases. A recent theory also relates the onset of early cataracts to the increased dependence on gadgets such as smartphones, laptops, and tablets. The excessive use of these electronic devices might cause optical problems to develop at an early age. However, this cause is yet to be backed by concrete scientific evidence.
Laser Cataract Surgery Can Fix Early Cataracts
For people who have been diagnosed with early cataracts, surgery can help solve the problem. In fact, unlike older people, the younger population with cataracts shouldn’t delay
prescribed corrective surgery. The good news is that cataract surgery is among the most routine eye surgeries undertaken across the world. The complete process, including the time taken for filling out documents, usually takes just about 2 hours. The actual surgery might b over within 20 minutes.
The procedure for laser cataract surgery is quite straightforward. Your doctor/physician will make a tiny incision in your eye’s cornea. The laser can be used for several steps during the surgery including astigmatism correction. The natural lens of your eye will be removed and this will be replaced by an artificial lens. The doctor will then cover the operated eye with a clear shield to protect it during the early postoperative period. You will likely be on your way home almost immediately after the surgery; you would need to come back the next day for a routine follow-up exam.
New intraocular lenses or IOLs are constantly being developed in order to make the cataract surgery minimally complicated. These lenses are naturally better for the patients as well. For example, presbyopia-correcting IOLs have gained a lot of popularity in the recent times as they may be able to restore your vision for all distances.