Presbyopia is a common eye condition where people lose their eyes’ ability to focus on objects which are nearby. It is a common occurrence as we age, and most people start experiencing it by the time they are in their early forties. People who suffer from presbyopia have difficulty reading fine prints such as those on books, newspapers and smartphones. Their vision of nearby objects appear to be blurry.
It is important to understand that presbyopia is a natural development that everyone will eventually face, even if you have never had problems with your vision before. This problem is the only disease that is known to affect 100% of the human population. Fortunately, there are various ways to effectively treat presbyopia, which are listed below:
One of the simplest ways of treating presbyopia is by wearing prescription eyeglasses of suitable powers. This is most suitable for patients whose only problem with their eyesight is presbyopia and not combined with other problems. For instance, if you have presbyopia along with astigmatism or farsightedness, then you may want to consider other treatment options.
Eyeglasses bend light before it can enter your eye, thereby helping correct your vision. But if you already wear glasses for other vision problems, you may need to wear bifocal, trifocal or progressive lenses. While bifocals are meant for far and close-up vision, trifocals are meant for correcting close-up, distant and mid-range visions. On the other hand, progressive lenses work like the other two lenses, but the refraction slowly changes from top to bottom.
If you don’t like to wear glasses, then you can opt for contact lenses for correcting your vision. There are various types of contact lenses available, namely bifocal contact lenses, monovision contact lenses and modified monovision. If you need to correct your vision for close-up and distant objects on both eyes, then bifocal lenses are your solution. Monovision contact lenses are for close-up vision in one eye and distant vision in the other. In modified vision, you wear lenses for distance in your dominant eye while in the other, you wear a multifocal or bifocal lens.
Surgery is also a treatment option or those suffering from presbyopia. Either a refractive surgery or relex surgery will help you improve your vision. In refractive surgery, such as LASIK, the cornea is reshaped in order to change the refraction of light entering your eye. ReLEx surgery involves removal of the natural lens of the eye, and replacing it with a lens implant, such as the Crystalens implant. These implants can reduce or eliminate glasses for all distances of vision, and are a great solution to the problem of presbyopia.